1. Wildlife Monitoring | 2020 |

Although Ulu Kalumpang and Mt Wullersdorf FRs have been logged over and encroached, the residual forests provide habitat to support viable populations of numerous wildlife species in the forest reserve that connects to Tawau Hills Park to form an important conservation area. Through previous surveys conducted and recorded by various organizations and government departments, there is an estimated 180 species of birds present in the Ulu Kalumpang area, which makes it an important site for lowland forest species in Sabah, especially for hornbills (six species) and pheasants. This reserve is also a safe haven for the Orang Utan whose numbers are around 150 individuals within Ulu Kalumpang, as well, the endangered Bornean Pygmy Elephant and Banteng are found roaming in this part of Sabah. Other animals prevalent to the area include various types of deer, wild boars and several species of monkeys such as the Bornean Gibbon, Long-tail and Short-tail Macaques and the Redleaf Monkey.

Lesser mouse deerWildlife monitoring is mostly based on periodic aerial surveys of Orang Utans as well as camera trapping that are conducted periodically in all forest reserves according to Procedure 06 (Monitoring). In addition it is recommended that the SFD staff record types of wildlife observed, date, place observed and quantity in formal records and monthly reporting whenever there is an opportunistic sighting in all conservation forest reserves. Opportunistic sighting data should be summarized and reported annually.

There are four (04) methods used for wildlife monitoring in Ulu Kalumpang-Wullersdorf Sustainable Forest Management (UKW SFM) Project area:

  Year 2016 Year 2017 Year 2018 Year 2019
1 Camera Trap Camera Trap Camera Trap Camera Trap
2 Recce Walk Recce Walk Recce Walk Recce Walk
3 Opportunistic Sighting Opportunistic Sighting Opportunistic Sighting Opportunistic Sighting
4 Hornbill Observation Hornbill Observation    

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Bearded pig
1. Bearded pig (Sus barbatus)
Bearded pig
2. Bearded pig (Sus barbatus)
Great argus
3. Great Argus (Argusianus argus)
Lesser mouse deer
4. Lesser mousedeer (Tragulus javanicus)
Moon rat
5. Moon rat (Echinosorex gymura)
Pig-tailed macaque
6. Pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina)
Sambar deer
7. Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor)

Spotted pig tail macaque
8. Spotted pig tail macaque

9. Banteng

Borneo pygmy elephant - Elephas maximus (Landau)

Crested Fireback

Wild Pig (Sus Barbatus)

Samba Deer (Cervus unicolor)

Pgmy Elephant (Elephas maximus)

Red Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista)

Pig Tailed Macaque-macaca Nemestrina

Sambar Deer-Cervus Unicolor

Ayam hutan (Crested fireback).

Bornean yellow muntjac (Muntiacus atherodes)

Pig tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina)

Samba deer (Cervus unicolor)

Slow loris (Nvcticebus coucang)

2. Silviculture Monitoring

Silviculture Tending Operation | 2018 | 2019 - 2020 |


FOREST REHABILITATION | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 |

Permanent Sample Plot in Ulu Kalumpang-Wullersdorf SFM

Photo Gallery

Forest Restoration
Planting Activities Planted Trees Nursery