The Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management Project (USM SFMP) was established on the 15th of March 2006 by the State Government of Sabah. The project is jointly managed by the Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) and Yayasan Sabah (YS), as the licensee. Consequently, to manage and administer the area, the Forestry District of Ulu Segama-Malua was established on the 1st April 2006. Besides SFD and YS, this project also involves direct participation from local and international Non Government Organizations (NGOs) such as WWF Malaysia, Hutan , PACOS (Partnership of Community Organizations), Sabah Society and the ARCUS Foundation. The project also received direct contribution from the Government of the United States of America and a signed agreement with New Forests Pty. Ltd to protect and rehabilitate biodiversity in Malua Forest Reserve and Sime Darby Plantation Sdn. Bhd. to rehabilitate and protect the orang utan habitats in Northern Ulu Segama Forest Reserve or also known as Bukit Piton Forest Reserve. In 2008, the project achieved its targets of management, especially in forest rehabilitation which covers silviculture and forest restoration activities. In the aspect of resource protection, the statistics of forest offences show a decreasing trend compared to the previous year.

Ulu Segama-Malua District Forestry Office in Kawag Forest Reserve

The Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management Project or USM-SFMP is the second model forest reserve for Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) managed by the Forestry Department of Sabah after the FSC-certified Deramakot Forest Reserve. This is a joint SFM project between the Forestry Department of Sabah (SFD) and the Sabah Foundation (YS) in which SFD leads in the management of the whole project area. The Ulu Segama-Malua SFM Project received its first Well Managed Forest Certification from Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in June 2011 in Kota Kinabalu and was recertified in June 2016 under the registration number SCS-FM/COC-00141N. The certification mandates that there will be no commercial harvesting of timber from this certified forest area until the 12th June 2021. Except in capitalizing the non-timber ecosystem services provided therefrom. The Sabah Forestry Department is committed to the FSC Principles and Criteria in managing the SFM project.

Under the prevailing "multiple use" management paradigm and strategies, no overarching management criteria was placed to ensure that critical ecosystem processes were being monitored or maintained. A primary outcome of the strategic planning effort was the recognition of the need to shift the perspective of forest management to one of ecosystem management. Ecosystem management can simply be defined as an ecological approach to resource management. All aspects of an ecosystem are considered important, and the interdependency of biological and non-biological factors and cycles is recognized as central to this holistic approach. Humans and wildlife are part of the ecosystem or component of the environment and must be taken into consideration when developing management strategies. Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) will ensure that the values and resources derived from the forest would continue to be available in perpetuity.

The application of ecosystem management through SFM should guarantee that the pursuit of resource management objectives (i.e., timber, wildlife, recreation, water, etc.) is carried out in a manner that is compatible with the long-term ecological health of the total forest ecosystem. The State Government recognized this and is aware of the importance of bringing Sabah's forests under secure and effective conservation and management and forest certification. Moreover, Sabah is a vital element of the broader Borneo ecosystem whose very high global biological significance is well established. It is for these reasons that back in March 2006, the Sabah State Government had allocated another 242,098 ha, which comprises of two (2) Class II Forest Reserves (Ulu Segama-Malua Forest Reserves - 236,825 ha), three (3) Virgin Jungle Reserves (VJR) comprising of VJR Merisuli (552 ha), VJR Kawang Gibong (707 ha) and VJR Sapagaya (2,316 ha), and one (1) Class I Protection reserve, namely Sapagaya FR (698 ha) to be managed under ecosystem management based on SFM principles. These entire areas are known as Ulu Segama-Malua (USM) - the heartland of the orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeusmorio) and home of the globe's richest stand of Dipterocarps and other biodiversity. Therefore, the overall total area of USM (or SFM Poject Area) under this Forest Management Plan is 241,098 ha. Danum Valley FR (Class I Protection FR - 43,800 ha) is excluded in this FMP because it has its own FMP and is managed separately with a separate management committee.

However in year 2012 and 2013 respectively, a total of 202,856 hectares of Ulu Segama Forest Reserves and 33,969 hectares of Malua Forest Reserve have been reclassified to Class I Protection Forest Reserve as a commitment of the State Government of Sabah to protect more high conservation value area. The following year 2014, an additional of 1,786 hectares of land area has been gazetted as Protected Area at Mount Louisa Forest Reserve which total up the USM SFMP area to 242,884.00 hectares.

The updated status of forest reserves in Ulu Segama-Malua SFM project are shown in the following table:

No FR Name FR Class FD Map LS Plan Coordinate Area (Ha) Gazetted No. Year Gazetted First Gazetted
Or Regazetted
1 Sapagaya I 93/132A 99194727 4̊ 57' N / 118̊ 10' E 698.00 4/2009 2009 2009
2 Ulu Segama(*) I 92 / 104D 99194655 4̊ 57' N / 117̊ 55' E 126,846.00 1/2012 2012 1961
3 Mount Louisa I 91/100 - 4̊ 47' N / 117̊ 35' E 54,760.00 1/2012 2012 1961
4 Sungai Taliwas I 78/171 - 5̊ 00' N / 118̊ 02' E 9,546.00 1/2012 2012 1961
5 Extension Danum Valley I 76/248 - 5̊ 00' N / 117̊ 36' E 92.00 7/2012 2012 1961
6 Bukit Piton I 77/123 - 5̊ 09' N / 118̊ 00' E 11,612.00 5/2012 2012 1961
7 Malua I 76 / 1C 99194548 5̊̊ 18' N / 117 ̊ 37' E 33,969.00 1/2013 2013 1960
8 Kawag Gibong VI 77 /67A 99194614 5̊ 05' N / 118̊̊ 00' E 707.00 4/1984 1984 1961
9 Sepagaya VI 93 / 127 99194613 4̊ 59' N / 118̊ 07' E 2,316.00 4/1984 1984 1961
10 Merisuli VI 78 / 133A 99194587 5̊ 09' N / 118̊ 08' E 552.00 4/1984 1984 1961
11 Extension Mount
I 91/101     1,786.00 Sep 14   2014
TOTAL 242,884.00      

Map Showing forest reserves Class I within the Ulu Segama-Maloua Sustainable Forest Management Project

The High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) are also prescribed in the management plan based on the essential management measures such as, 1) no harvesting; 2) rehabilitation or restoring on degraded areas; and 3) no hunting licences to be issued for hunting in any alienated land or State land adjacent to USM. Five HCV attributes were identified that characterized the Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management Project (USM SFMP) as follows:

  1. HCV 1 (Species Diversity);
  2. HCV 2 (Landscape Level Forest);
  3. HCV 3 (Ecosystem And Habitats);
  4. HCV 4 (Ecosystem Services); and
  5. HCV 6 (Cultural Identity of Local Communities)

High Conservation Values (HCV) in Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management Project


Website last updated on 28 December 2018