Nuluhon Trusmadi & Sungai Kiluyu


High Conservation Value Forest

A total of six (6) types of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF) areas as defined by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) were listed in the HCVF Toolkit (WWF- Malaysia, 2009). An exercise to identify and select the HCVF areas in FMU10 was done by the Ad hoc HCVF Team (Mohd Nooh, 2014).

Since the whole area of the FMU 10 is totally protected for conservation and by default definitions under the HCVF Toolkit, it could perhaps be considered equivalent to the HCV 1.1 area: Similarly, the hornbills and the Rajah Brooke Birdwings, both are also Conservation targets under the CAMP, could be treated the same by default definitions of the HCVF Toolkit as equivalent to HCV 1.2 categories. The Rajah Brooke Birdwing was subsequently dropped as a Conservation Target under this FMU10: CAMP Ver. 2, but the hornbills were again retained as a Conservation Target. However, for practical reasons the HCVF Team recommended the establishment of only two (2) of those listed attributes under the HCVF Toolkit. Table 1 describes the two (2) HCV attributes, namely, HCV 1.3 and HCV 5 that were established in FMU10.

Table 1: The HCVF Areas Identified and Established in FMU10

HCVDefinition under the HCVF ToolkitArea Established in FMU10
HCV 1.3: Endemism "Any forest containing endemic species as identified by FRIM, MNS, SFC, Forestry Departments and published literature, particularly in high concentrations or highly restricted distribution, can be considered HCV 1.3".An endemic species of Nepenthes X trusmadiensis, a hybrid species between N. lowii and N. macrophylla is found at the summit scrub area. The relevant site has been demarcated and two temporary Plots established at GPS reading of N 05 33.07.4' and E 116 30.54.8' (Mohd Nooh, 2014).

The Summit scrub is also a Conservation Target under the FMU10: CAMP Ver. 2
HCV 5: Basic Needs of Local Communities "Forest area is fundamental to meeting basic needs of local communities". A water intake source point's site at Sg. Kaintano for the water gravity system for Kg. Sinua had been demarcated on the ground at GPS reading RS 763942 BOR 610358 (Mohd Nooh, 2014)


Plot HCV 1.3 FMU10

The Management Activities for FMU10's HCV 1.3 in FMU10

No.ParameterManagement Descriptions
1The site for HCV 1.3 An endemic species of Nepenthes X trusmadiensis is found at the summit scrub area. The relevant site has been demarcated and two temporary Plots established of GPS recorded as N 05 33.07.4' and E 116 30.54.8' (Mohd Nooh, 2015)
Current Management Prescriptions
  • Mapping of the area
  • Erecting proper signs on site
  • Updating the summary on the population density and health assessments of the species on the FMU10's website
  • Population density and health assessments of N. X Trusmadiensis by Tambunan Forestry Staff
Recommended Strategic Actions
  • SOP 17 has been developed. It covers the management recommendations above. The MPCT may want to further refine the SOP.
  • Prohibition of the collections of any specimen or sample of the species from the summit area (included in SOP17)
  • Restricting the movements of visitors to the designated space only at the summit (Included in SOP17)
  • Briefing by Malims to Tourists on prohibitions and restriction (Included in SOP17)
  • FMU10 Field staffs or the Honorary Forest Rangers or the Malims to do random beg checking at the climbing check point. Borang Pemeriksaan Barang dan Beg (Borang FMU10 -02) filled by checkers and filed.
  • Record of activities to be reported and updated on website.
  • SOP growth assessment of the species and Format of Reporting to MPCT to be refined by the Tambunan Forestry District Officer. (DFO Tambunan)
  • Reporting to MPCT on the growth assessment twice a year

The Management Activities for FMU10's HCV 5 in FMU10

The Site for HCV 5A water intake source point’s site at Sg. Kaintano for the water gravity system for Kg. Sinua had been demarcated on the ground at GPS reading RS 763942 BOR 610358  (Mohd Nooh, 2014)

Current Management Prescriptions Done

  • Mapping of site
  • Erecting proper sign on site
  • Total Protection of the water source in FMU10 as classified under Management Zone 2 (Aquatic Protection).
  • Patrolling of the demarcated boundaries through ground and aerial surveillance done and reported on monthly basis to the DFO Tambunan and Keningau.
  • Borang FMU10 1 (Ground or Aerial Surveillance) filled and filed after reporting by the Field Staff to both the Tambunan and Keningau District Forest Officers (DFO).
  • Any incidence of boundaries encroachments acted swiftly by the DFOs.

Recommended Strategic Actions To Be Done

  • Report on the surveillance activities to be updated on website and reported in the Annual Work Plan (AWP).
  • Aerial surveillance to include the patrolling of the aquatic habitats in FMU10.
  • Mapping of the Zone 2 may need to be refined further by the MPCT
  • Demarcation of the remaining Part C perimeter boundaries of Nuluhon Trusmadi Forest Reserve should be completed by the end of 2016.
  • Awareness programs to include the HCVF Toolkit and importance of the HCV 5 agenda.
  • Awareness programs to include an agenda on the need for the conservation of the aquatic habitats as well as impacts of other destructive activities to all kampungs if possible.
  • Reports of the Awareness Programmes to be deliberated in the Quarterly Meetings of the MPCT for FMU10.
  • Water gravity system and the HCV 5 to be included as a permanent Agenda and minuted in the Communities Meeting between DFO Keningau and Kg Sinua’s Committee. 
  • Summary of the water gravity system and the HCV 5 minuted in the Committee Meeting with Kg Sinua to be updated on the FMU10 website and reported in the AWP.
  • Format of Reporting by the communities for the water and HCV 5 agenda may need to be developed, including assigning management responsibilities to the villagers. It may be included under a relevant SOP.
  • Any complain raised in meeting to be acted swiftly by DFO Keningau.

The Proposed Measureable Indicator for Monitoring the HCVF Areas in FMU10

ItemCategoryMeasureable IndicatorMethodologyFrequencyResponsibility
1HCV 1.3Population density- and health assessmentsPhysical Inspections and direct measurements of species on Temporary plotsEvery 6 MonthTambunan Forestry Field Team (currently done)
2 Vegetation Cover of Plots UndamagedVisual Inspection and observations on Temporary  Plots (to be developed by the MPCT)Every 6 MonthTambunan Forestry Field Team
3 Number of Complains Received  by DFO KeningauBorang Aduan Air (to be developed by MPCT)AnytimeKampung People
4HCV 5Investigations done in accordance to complaints receivedIndicating Action Taken on Borang Aduan Air (to be developed by MPCT)Upon Received of ComplaintsKeningau Field Staff
5 Area and Site undamagedVisual Inspections and observations on site (SOP to be developed)Twice a yearDFO Keningau